Research in the School of Biology spans all scales from single molecules all the way up to ecosystems. Research activities are funded by IISER-TVM, Wellcome Trust/DBT India Alliance, The Royal Society UK, CSIR, DST, DBT among various other funding agencies. Although the bulk of the research is driven by PhD students and postdoctoral fellows, several major and minor projects done by IISER-TVM BS-MS routinely translate to publications in peer-reviewed journals co-authored by the students.

The following are the broad themes of research in the school.